Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi, an Indian lawyer, anti-colonial nationalist, and political ethicist who lived from 2 October 1869 to 30 January 1948, used nonviolent resistance to spearhead the successful campaign for India’s independence from British rule and later served as an inspiration for movements for civil rights and freedom around the world. In 1914, in South Africa, the title Mahtm (Sanskrit: “great-souled,” “venerable”) was first used to refer to him.
Gandhi studied law at the Inner Temple in London after being born and raised in a Hindu household in coastal Gujarat. He was admitted to the bar in June 1891 at the age of 22. He travelled to South Africa in 1893 to represent an Indian merchant in a legal dispute after spending two uncertain years in India, where he was unable to establish a lucrative legal practise. He then spent the next 21 years residing in South Africa.
Gandhi raised his family here and started using peaceful resistance in a fight for civil rights. He returned to India in 1915 at the age of 45 and immediately started organising peasants, farmers, and city labourers to protest against discrimination and an excessive land tax. You can get more good biography books and other essential pdf’s in this pdfsurfer site and one such is Gandhi Autobiography.